Reims Cathedral (Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Reims) has been constructed from 1211 to 1516, and this was according to the architectural program that had great artistic richness. This cathedral is one of the examples of Gothic arts that are still standing.
Since Gallic times, Reims has remained a major city. Initially, it was Reims’ first city which is a Gallic tribe. However, from the time of Classical Antiquity, it is now Belgium Province’s capital. This province is a vast territory that covers Northern part of Goul during that time. Notre Dame is the first cathedral which was erected in 401. The construction was done on ancient thermae and was made by St. Nicaise. However, he later died as martyr.
Reims Cathedral, France
Upon the collapse of the Roman Empire, Reims’ Bishop benefited from the influential situation. He started to experience increasing prestige continuously. He positioned himself as an official upholder with regard to public authority.
In the middle ages, this city was a religious centre that was eminent that was organized around the cathedral as wel as 3 great abbeys that are namely Saint Denis, Saint Nicaise, and Saint Remi. During the 18th century, Reims bishop assumed the title of an Archbishop prior to being a count of religion in 1023.
This made him the Lord magistrate and he had control over low and high justice. Reims Bishop exercises his authority over a vast territory situated In France.
The construction of Carolingian cathedral was in 820 while the consecration was in 862. This was in Charles the Bald’s presence. During the 11th century, there was the rediscovery and consecration of the eighth century crypt to Saint Remi.
In 2010, the former cathedral was destroyed by fire, together with a huge part of that city. A year later, the Archbishop ordered that a new wall should be constructed. These walls are the ones that are on the current gothic construction that is above foundations.
Owing to key investments and donations, the cathedral’s construction site was done rapidly and this was from 1220 to 1221. After the 10 years, the ambulatory access and Royannant chapels were in operation. However, the double isles, transept, and the chancel are the parts that were being completed partially.
In the decade that followed, that is between 1220 and 123, the work proceeded but at the frantic rhythm. The west side of the walls belonging to the transept isle and the nave’s isles were then constructed on 5 eastern bays. This acted as the protection for the older narrower nave.
The church services continued to be held in the year 1228. For this construction site to be supported financially, the Archbishop had to look for the means. He sent alms collectors in suffragan dioceses with the aim of seeking donations. This was in exchange of indulgence letters. The other means of gaining finances was by selling the chapter’s properties.
The façade that covers the exterior reflects the Royannant Gothic style which covers an area that is considerable. The interior elevation is defined by the soaring heights as well as narrow dimensions and quality workmanship.
Related: Places to visit in France
Photo by hansecoloursmay